| Jazmine Roxas

Bone Broth FAQ

How Does Bone Broth Contribute to Collagen Production?

Bone broth is rich in gelatin, which when digested, breaks down into collagen. Consuming bone broth provides your body with the necessary amino acids for collagen synthesis, supporting skin, joint, and bone health. However, your body doesn't transport dietary collagen directly to your skin or joints.

Can Bone Broth Be Incorporated into Topical Skincare Products?

While bone broth is beneficial when consumed, its direct application in skin care products is less effective. Collagen molecules in bone broth are too large to penetrate the skin's surface. Instead, skincare products typically use collagen peptides or other ingredients that can be more easily absorbed by the skin.

Can Consuming Bone Broth Help Reduce Wrinkles and Fine Lines?

Consuming bone broth provides amino acids, which are building blocks for collagen, a protein that helps maintain skin elasticity. While there's no direct evidence linking bone broth to wrinkle reduction, a diet rich in these nutrients can support overall skin health, potentially minimizing wrinkles and fine lines over time.

How Does Bone Broth Promote Skin Elasticity and Hydration?

Bone broth is rich in collagen, which supports skin elasticity, and glycosaminoglycans, which help maintain skin hydration. Consuming bone broth provides your body with these nutrients, potentially supporting healthier, more elastic, and hydrated skin. However, it's part of overall nutrition and skincare, not a standalone solution.

How Often Should I Consume Bone Broth for Optimal Skin Benefits?

There's no established guideline for optimal bone broth consumption for skin benefits. However, incorporating it into your diet several times a week, as part of a balanced, nutrient-rich diet, can support overall health, including skin health. Always consult your healthcare provider for personalized dietary advice.

Can Drinking Bone Broth Help With Joint Pain?

Bone broth contains gelatin and chondroitin, which can support joint health. Gelatin can potentially help rebuild joint cartilage, while chondroitin is known for its anti-inflammatory and joint-supportive properties. However, more scientific research is needed to confirm bone broth's effectiveness in relieving joint pain.

Does Bone Broth Support Healing?

Bone broth is rich in essential nutrients like amino acids, collagen, and minerals, which can support the body's natural healing processes. Consuming it can potentially aid in tissue repair, bone health, and inflammation reduction. However, it should complement, not replace, professional medical advice and treatment.

Does Bone Broth Provide Relief From Arthritis Pain?

Bone broth contains nutrients like chondroitin and glucosamine, known for their joint-supporting properties. These can potentially alleviate arthritis-related pain and inflammation. However, it's important to note bone broth isn't a cure for arthritis. Its effectiveness varies and should supplement, not replace, professional medical treatment.

Is Bone Broth Beneficial For Muscle Recovery After Workouts?

Bone broth is high in protein and amino acids like glycine and proline, which are important for muscle recovery. Additionally, the minerals in bone broth can replace electrolytes lost during exercise. Therefore, it could potentially aid in post-workout muscle recovery, though further research is needed to confirm this.

How Does Bone Broth Contribute To Reducing Inflammation?

Bone broth contains amino acids like glycine and arginine, known for their anti-inflammatory properties. Glycine supports the body's detoxification process and aids in the production of antioxidants, while arginine may help reduce inflammation. However, bone broth isn't a standalone solution to chronic inflammation and should complement a balanced diet.

Can Bone Broth Aid In The Relief Of Back Pain?

Bone broth contains nutrients like collagen, chondroitin, and glucosamine that may support joint health and alleviate some discomfort associated with back pain. However, it's important to note that while beneficial, the bone broth alone cannot treat underlying medical conditions causing back pain. Always consult a healthcare provider.

Does Bone Broth Help In Relieving Pain From Autoimmune Disorders?

Bone broth may provide relief from autoimmune disorder symptoms due to its rich content of nutrients, like collagen and amino acids, which can support gut health and inflammation reduction. However, it's not a standalone treatment. Proper medical consultation is essential to treat autoimmune disorders effectively. Individual results may vary.

What is a Bone Broth Shake?

A bone broth shake is a beverage made by blending bone broth with various ingredients such as vegetables, herbs, spices, or protein powders. It combines the nutritional benefits of bone broth, known for its collagen, amino acids, and minerals, with the convenience of a shake.

Can Bone Broth Shake Be a Part of a Balanced Diet for Gut Health?

Yes, bone broth shakes can be a valuable part of a balanced diet for gut health. They provide important nutrients for gut repair and support, such as collagen, gelatin, and amino acids. Incorporating bone broth shakes into a well-rounded diet can contribute to a healthier gut and overall digestive wellness.

How Does Bone Broth Shake Benefit Gut Health?

Bone broth shakes benefit gut health by providing essential nutrients like collagen, gelatin, and amino acids that support gut lining repair and reduce inflammation. The presence of beneficial compounds in bone broth, such as glutamine and glycine, can promote a healthy gut microbiome, improve digestion, and support overall gut integrity.

Can I Make My Own Bone Broth Shake at Home?

Absolutely! You can easily make your own bone broth shake at home. Simply prepare bone broth by simmering bones with water and aromatic ingredients, then blend it with your preferred ingredients like vegetables, herbs, or protein powders. Get creative and customize your bone broth shake to suit your taste and nutritional needs.

Are There Any Specific Ingredients to Include in a Gut Health Bone Broth Shake?

While there are no strict rules, certain ingredients can enhance the gut health benefits of a bone broth shake. Consider adding gut-friendly ingredients like fermented foods, prebiotic-rich vegetables, herbs like ginger or turmeric, and gut-healing supplements like collagen or glutamine. Experiment with different combinations to find what works best for you.

Are There Different Flavors of Bone Broth Shake?

Yes, there are various flavors of bone broth shakes available. The flavor can be customized by adding different ingredients like herbs, spices, vegetables, or even fruits. Some popular flavors include classic chicken or beef, spicy turmeric, vegetable medley, or even sweet variations with fruits like berries or bananas.

Can Bone Broth Shake Help Reduce Cravings?

Bone broth shakes may help reduce cravings due to their high protein content, which can promote satiety and reduce hunger. The presence of amino acids and collagen in bone broth can also support stable blood sugar levels, which may help in curbing cravings and promoting a more balanced appetite.

Can I Customize the Flavors of a Bone Broth Shake?

Yes, you can easily customize the flavors of a bone broth shake to suit your preferences. Experiment with different ingredients like herbs, spices, vegetables, fruits, or even healthy flavorings like cocoa powder or vanilla extract. This allows you to create a personalized bone broth shake that aligns with your taste preferences.

Is Bone Broth Shake Nutritious?

Yes, bone broth shakes are highly nutritious. They are rich in collagen, amino acids, minerals, and other beneficial compounds. These nutrients support gut health, joint health, and provide various other benefits to the body. Incorporating bone broth shakes into a balanced diet can contribute to overall nutrition and well-being.

How Should I Incorporate Bone Broth Shake Into My Diet?

You can incorporate bone broth shakes into your diet by consuming them as a snack, meal replacement, or even as a post-workout recovery drink. You can have them on their own or pair them with a balanced meal. Experiment with different timings and quantities to find what works best for you.

How is Bone Broth Shake Made?

A bone broth shake is made by blending bone broth with various ingredients like vegetables, herbs, spices, or protein powders. To make bone broth, bones are simmered with water, aromatic ingredients, and sometimes vinegar for an extended period. The resulting broth is then blended with the desired ingredients to create a nutritious shake.

Can Bone Broth Improve Gut Health And Reduce Abdominal Pain?

Bone broth is believed to enhance gut health and alleviate abdominal pain due to its collagen, amino acids, and minerals. The gelatin in bone broth supports gut lining integrity, while the amino acids promote digestion and reduce inflammation. Incorporating bone broth into a balanced diet may contribute to improved gut health and reduced abdominal pain.

What Are the Health Benefits of Bone Broth Shake?

Bone broth shakes offer several health benefits. They provide nutrients like collagen, amino acids, and minerals that support gut health, joint health, and overall well-being. They can aid in digestion, promote a healthy gut microbiome, support tissue repair, and provide a convenient way to incorporate beneficial nutrients into your diet.

What is Turkey Bone Broth?

Turkey bone broth is a nutritious and flavorful broth made by simmering turkey bones, along with vegetables, herbs, and spices, in water for an extended period. It is rich in collagen, amino acids, and minerals, offering potential health benefits such as joint support, gut health, and immune system boost.

Can I Use Leftover Turkey Bones for Broth?

Yes, leftover turkey bones can be used to make broth. Simmer the bones in water with vegetables, herbs, and spices for an extended period to extract the flavors and nutrients. It's a great way to make use of the remaining turkey carcass and create a flavorful broth for various culinary purposes.

How Do I Make Turkey Bone Broth?

To make turkey bone broth, place leftover turkey bones in a large pot. Add water, vegetables (such as carrots, onions, and celery), herbs (like bay leaves and thyme), and seasonings. Simmer on low heat for several hours, then strain the broth. Use it as a flavorful base for soups, stews, or other recipes.

What Are the Benefits of Turkey Bone Broth?

Turkey bone broth offers several benefits. It is rich in collagen, amino acids, and minerals that can support joint health, improve gut health, and boost the immune system. Additionally, it may help promote healthy skin, aid in digestion, and provide a comforting and nourishing source of hydration.

How Long Does It Take to Cook Turkey Bone Broth?

Cooking turkey bone broth typically takes several hours. The exact time can vary depending on the desired flavor and consistency. It is common to simmer the bones, vegetables, and seasonings for at least 4-6 hours, but some recipes may recommend simmering for up to 12-24 hours for a more concentrated flavor.

Is Turkey Bone Broth Gluten-free?

Yes, Turkey Bone Broth is generally gluten-free, as it's typically made from turkey bones, water, and vegetables. However, gluten contamination could occur if the broth is processed in facilities handling gluten products or if additives containing gluten are used. It's crucial to check labels and choose certified gluten-free options for certainty.

Can I Freeze Turkey Bone Broth?

Yes, you can freeze Turkey Bone Broth. Freezing extends its shelf life and maintains quality. Pour the cooled broth into freezer-safe containers, leaving room for expansion. When ready to use, defrost in the refrigerator or on a low microwave setting. Ensure its consumption within six months for best flavor and safety.

Can I Use Turkey Bone Broth for Soup Recipes?

Yes, you can use turkey bone broth for soup recipes. Its rich flavor and nutrients complement various soups. Just simmer the bones with water, vegetables, and spices for a few hours, then strain. Use it as a base for hearty soups or enhance existing recipes.

Can I Drink Turkey Bone Broth on Its Own?

Yes, you can drink turkey bone broth on its own. It's a nutritious and flavorful beverage made by simmering turkey bones and aromatics. Enjoy it as a comforting and nourishing drink or use it as a base for soups and stews. Strain it well and season it to taste for a delightful sipping experience.

How Long Can I Store Turkey Bone Broth in the Fridge?

Turkey bone broth can be stored in the fridge for up to 4 days. Cool it before refrigerating, and use an airtight container to maintain freshness. If you need it to last longer, freezing is a better option; it can stay in the freezer for 2 to 3 months. Always reheat it thoroughly before consuming.

How Long Should Chicken Bone Broth Cook?

Chicken bone broth should cook for at least 12 hours on low heat. This allows enough time for the bones to release their collagen, minerals, and nutrients, resulting in a flavorful and nutritious broth. Simmering for a longer period, up to 24 hours, can enhance the richness and depth of the broth. Strain before use.

Should I Add Turmeric to My Bone Broth?

Yes, adding turmeric to your bone broth is a great idea! Turmeric contains curcumin, which has anti-inflammatory properties and may improve joint health. It adds a warm, earthy flavor and enhances the broth's nutritional value. Enjoy the benefits of both bone broth and turmeric by combining them in your cooking.

How Do You Store Chicken Bone Broth?

To store chicken bone broth, let it cool at room temperature for 1 hour. Transfer it to airtight containers, leaving some space for expansion. Label with the date and freeze for up to 3 months. Alternatively, refrigerate for up to 4 days. Before use, check for spoilage signs and reheat thoroughly.

Can You Freeze Chicken Bone Broth?

Yes, you can freeze chicken bone broth. Allow it to cool completely, then transfer it to airtight containers, leaving some space for expansion. Use ice cube trays for smaller portions. Properly frozen, it can last up to 6 months. Remember to label containers with the date for easy tracking. Thaw in the refrigerator before use.

How Long Does Frozen Chicken Bone Broth Last?

Frozen chicken bone broth can last up to 4-6 months when stored properly. Make sure to use airtight containers or freezer bags, leaving enough room for expansion. Label with the date to track freshness. When thawing, do it in the refrigerator or under cold running water for safety.

How Do You Defrost Bone Broth?

To defrost bone broth, transfer the container from the freezer to the refrigerator. Allow it to thaw slowly for several hours or overnight. For faster thawing, place the sealed container in a bowl of cold water. Never use hot water, as it can lead to bacterial growth. Once defrosted, reheat the broth thoroughly before consuming.

Which Herbs Are Best For Bone Broth?

The best herbs for bone broth are thyme, rosemary, parsley, and bay leaves. These herbs add delightful flavors and benefits to the broth. Thyme and rosemary offer antioxidants, while parsley supports bone health with its rich vitamin K content. Bay leaves contribute a subtle aromatic touch. They enhance the bone broth's taste and nutritional profile.

When Should I Add Herbs To Bone Broth?

Add herbs to bone broth during the last hour of simmering for optimal flavor. This allows the herbs' aromatic essence to infuse without losing potency. Popular choices are bay leaves, thyme, parsley, and rosemary. Experiment with different combinations to find your preferred taste. Enjoy a nourishing broth filled with delightful herb-infused goodness.

What Is The Role Of Bay Leaves In Bone Broth?

Bay leaves add a subtle, earthy flavor to bone broth. They infuse the broth with aromatic compounds, enhancing its taste and aroma. Additionally, bay leaves possess anti-inflammatory properties, which can contribute to the overall health benefits of the broth. Remove the bay leaves before serving, as their sharp edges may be a choking hazard.

Should I Use Fresh or Dry Herbs In Bone Broth?

For bone broth, fresh herbs are generally preferred over dry herbs. Fresh herbs offer a more vibrant and pronounced flavor, enhancing the broth's taste. They also provide additional nutrients. However, if you only have dry herbs on hand, they can still be used, but in smaller quantities, as their flavor can be more concentrated.

How Does Bone Broth Promote Sleep and Recovery?

Bone broth contains glycine, an amino acid shown to improve sleep quality. Additionally, it offers collagen and minerals essential for joint and tissue repair. Consuming bone broth may thus promote restful sleep and aid post-exercise recovery, benefiting both the muscular system and overall well-being in the process.

How Does Bone Broth Aid in Digestion During Illness?

Bone broth aids in digestion during illness due to its easily digestible nutrients, such as amino acids and collagen, which support gut healing. It also contains minerals like potassium and magnesium that replenish electrolytes lost during sickness. The gelatin in bone broth soothes the digestive tract, promoting easier nutrient absorption and overall recovery.

Can Bone Broth Boost Immunity to Prevent Illness?

Bone broth contains essential nutrients like amino acids and minerals. Some proponents believe it boosts immunity and supports gut health, potentially preventing illness. However, scientific evidence is limited, and more research is needed to definitively link bone broth to immune enhancement and illness prevention. Always consult a healthcare professional.

Can Bone Broth Help with Hydration?

Yes, bone broth can help with hydration. It's rich in minerals & electrolytes, essential for maintaining fluid balance. It not only provides nourishment but also helps replenish lost fluids. However, while beneficial, it shouldn't replace water or electrolyte solutions, especially during intense dehydration. Consider it a supplementary hydrating option.

Does Bone Broth Aid in Detoxification?

Yes, bone broth supports detoxification. It's rich in glycine, an amino acid that aids liver function, a primary detox organ. Additionally, the collagen and minerals in broth promote healthy gut lining, assisting in the prevention of toxins entering the bloodstream. However, it's just one component of a holistic detox approach.

Can I Add Vegetables to Turkey Bone Broth?

Yes, you can add vegetables to turkey bone broth. Incorporating veggies like carrots, onions, and celery enhances the broth's flavor and boosts its nutritional value. This combination results in a more aromatic and healthful broth, making it both tasty and beneficial.

What Is a Beef Bone Broth Cleanse?

A beef broth cleanse can provide essential nutrients like protein, vitamins, and minerals, supporting muscle growth and immune function. It may aid in digestion due to its collagen content and help with weight loss by promoting satiety. However, it's not a long-term solution and should be part of a balanced diet.

What is the Difference Between Turkey Bone Broth and Stock?

Turkey bone broth is simmered longer than stock, extracting deep flavors and nutrients. While stock is primarily for culinary uses and has a gelatinous texture, bone broth emphasizes nutritional benefits, often consumed for health reasons. Both utilize bones, but their preparation and purpose differ.

Can Turkey Bone Broth Help With Joint Health?

Absolutely. Turkey bone broth is rich in collagen, glucosamine, and chondroitin. These compounds support joint health, aiding in cartilage maintenance and potentially reducing joint inflammation and discomfort. Consuming it can be beneficial for those seeking natural joint support and relief.

Can I Use Turkey Bone Broth for Cooking Rice or Pasta?

Certainly! Using turkey bone broth for cooking rice or pasta infuses them with rich flavor and added nutrients. This substitution elevates the dish, offering both culinary appeal and healthful benefits. It's a flavorful alternative to plain water or standard broths.

Is Turkey Bone Broth High in Protein?

Yes, turkey bone broth is notably high in protein. Derived from simmered turkey bones and connective tissues, it offers essential amino acids. Consuming this broth provides a nutritious protein boost, making it a valuable addition to various diets and health-focused regimens.

What Nutrients in Bone Broth Support Joint Health?

Bone broth is rich in nutrients that support joint health, including collagen, which aids in rebuilding joint cartilage, and gelatin, which breaks down into collagen in the body. It also contains glucosamine, chondroitin, and hyaluronic acid, which are known to promote joint elasticity and maintain joint cushioning.

Does Bone Broth Contain Essential Amino Acids?

Yes, bone broth contains essential amino acids such as arginine, glycine, glutamine, and proline. These amino acids are vital for various bodily functions, including immune system support, gut health, and tissue repair. Their presence makes bone broth a nutritious addition to a balanced diet.

Can Bone Broth Help with Osteoporosis?

Bone broth is rich in minerals like calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus, and collagen, which are beneficial for bone health. Regular consumption may help in maintaining bone density and support overall skeletal strength, potentially aiding in the prevention and management of osteoporosis when paired with a balanced diet.

How Quickly Can I See Results from Drinking Bone Broth?

Results from drinking bone broth vary by individual and diet. Noticeable benefits, such as improved digestion or joint relief, can emerge within a few weeks. However, consistent long-term consumption is key to realizing the full potential of its nutrients on gut health, skin elasticity, and joint mobility.

Is Bone Broth Suitable for a Keto Diet?

Yes, bone broth is suitable for a ketogenic diet. It's low in carbohydrates and high in fat, making it ideal for keto dieters seeking to maintain a state of ketosis. Additionally, it provides essential nutrients and can help alleviate the “keto flu” by replenishing electrolytes.

How Can Bone Broth Alleviate Joint Pain?

Bone broth contains collagen, glucosamine, and chondroitin, which are building blocks for joint health. Regular consumption can reduce inflammation and provide the necessary nutrients to repair and rebuild cartilage, thus potentially alleviating joint pain and improving mobility and joint function over time.

How Long Should I Simmer Bone Broth?

Simmer bone broth for a long duration to extract nutrients effectively. For poultry bones, simmer for 24 hours, and for beef or other red meat bones, 48 hours is ideal. Use a slow cooker or a low simmer on the stove. Longer simmering times yield a richer, more nutrient-dense broth.

Is Turkey Bone Broth Suitable for a Paleo Diet?

Yes, turkey bone broth is suitable for a Paleo diet. It aligns with Paleo principles of whole, nutrient-dense foods. The broth provides essential amino acids, minerals, and collagen, supporting joint, digestive, and immune health. It's a nourishing choice that complements the natural, minimally processed ethos of the Paleo diet.

Can Turkey Bone Broth Help With Digestion?

Yes, turkey bone broth can aid digestion. It contains gelatin and amino acids like glycine and glutamine, which promote a healthy gut lining, aiding in nutrient absorption and supporting healthy digestive function. Its soothing properties can be beneficial for individuals with digestive issues, providing a gentle, nourishing option.

Can I Use Turkey Bone Broth for Gravy?

Absolutely. Turkey bone broth is an excellent base for gravy, enriching it with a deep flavor and beneficial nutrients. Its gelatin content can help achieve a desirable, silky texture. Simply substitute it for other liquids in your gravy recipe, and adjust seasonings to taste for a delicious, wholesome enhancement.

Are There Any Specific Spices or Herbs to Add to Turkey Bone Broth?

Certainly. Adding spices and herbs like garlic, onion, celery, carrots, thyme, rosemary, bay leaves, turmeric, and black pepper not only enhances the flavor of turkey bone broth but also contributes additional health benefits. These herbs and spices possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, making your bone broth more nutritious and aromatic.

How Can Bone Broth Benefit Athletes?

Bone broth benefits athletes by aiding in joint health & recovery due to its high collagen content. It also provides essential amino acids that support muscle repair & growth. Rich in electrolytes & hydrating minerals, it helps replenish lost nutrients post-exercise. Additionally, its anti-inflammatory properties can reduce exercise-induced inflammation & soreness.

Can Bone Broth Help with Inflammation?

Bone broth can help with inflammation due to its high content of amino acids like glycine & proline, which have anti-inflammatory properties. It's also rich in collagen, which supports joint health. The minerals & vitamins in bone broth, like calcium & magnesium, further aid in reducing inflammation & promoting healing.

Can I Drink Bone Broth Daily?

Drinking bone broth daily is generally considered safe & beneficial. It provides vital nutrients like collagen, amino acids, & minerals, supporting joint health, digestion, & skin health. However, it's important to ensure a balanced diet alongside. Individuals with certain health conditions should consult a healthcare provider before regular consumption.

Does Bone Broth Help with Arthritis?

Bone broth can help alleviate arthritis symptoms. Its high collagen content aids in rebuilding cartilage & tissues, potentially reducing joint pain & inflammation. The glucosamine & chondroitin in bone broth also support joint health. Regular consumption may improve joint mobility & comfort, though it's not a standalone cure for arthritis.

What's the Difference Between Bone Broth and Stock?

Bone broth & stock differ mainly in cooking time & ingredient emphasis. Bone broth is simmered longer (often over 24 hours), extracting more nutrients, collagen, & minerals from bones, resulting in a richer, more gelatinous liquid. Stock, typically cooked for a shorter period, focuses more on flavor than nutrient extraction.

What Herbs and Spices Can I Add to Bone Broth?

You can enhance bone broth with various herbs & spices. Common choices include garlic, ginger, turmeric (for anti-inflammatory benefits), rosemary, thyme, & bay leaves. Adding black pepper can increase nutrient absorption, particularly of turmeric. Fresh herbs like parsley & cilantro can be stirred in after cooking for added flavor & nutrients.

Is Bone Broth High in Collagen?

Yes, bone broth is notably high in collagen, especially when made from bones with connective tissue. Collagen, released during the simmering process, contributes to the broth's nutrient profile. Regular consumption can support skin, joint, & gut health. However, the exact collagen content varies based on the bones used & cooking time.

Can Bone Broth Replace Joint Supplements?

Bone broth contains collagen, glucosamine, and chondroitin, which may support joint health. However, it may not provide consistent levels of these nutrients compared to standardized joint supplements. Therefore, while beneficial, bone broth should complement, not replace, joint supplements for targeted and measurable joint support.

How Often Should I Drink Bone Broth for Joint Pain?

For joint pain relief, consume bone broth 1-2 times daily, incorporating it into your regular diet. Consistency is key, so aim for at least a few weeks to potentially notice benefits due to its collagen, minerals, and amino acids that may support joint health. Always consult with a healthcare provider.

Can I Use Store-Bought Bone Broth for Joint Pain?

Yes, store-bought bone broth can be used for joint pain as it contains collagen, glucosamine, and chondroitin, which may support joint health. However, ensure it's high-quality and without additives for the best results. Homemade broth might offer more nutrients if made with a variety of bones and simmered long enough.

Are There Any Side Effects to Drinking Bone Broth?

Drinking bone broth is generally safe, but some individuals may experience mild side effects such as bloating, gas, or an allergic reaction if sensitive to certain ingredients. Excessive consumption could lead to an imbalance in nutrient intake, particularly concerning high levels of certain amino acids or dietary minerals.

What Are the Best Practices for Storing Bone Broth?

Store bone broth in airtight containers. Refrigerate for up to 5 days or freeze for up to 6 months. For freezing, leave space at the top for expansion. Thaw in the fridge overnight. Use glass jars for chemical-free storage, and label with dates. Reheat only the needed amount to preserve freshness.